The Analects is a Confucian classic which appeared in book form in early Warring States Period. Comprising 20 "books" or chapters, it is a record of the words and deeds of Confucius, the philosopher and educator of ancient China and his disciples and students. The core of The Analects is benevolence, which Confucius thought was "loving people" or having "loyalty and consideration". To achieve benevolence one had to, use "rite" or "propriety" as a norm for "to subdue one's self and return to propriety is benevolence". What The Analects embodies is not only Confucius' political ideal of rule of virtue and opposition to harsh government, but his educational thought of "imposing no class distinction" and of teaching students according to their aptitude. It also reflects his sceptical attitude towards the supernatural. Based on careful and detailed textual research, the English translation of this edition is a complete one of great influence.